The present in vitro and in vivo comparison of three bioactive (HA, AP40, RKKP) and three bioinert (Ti6-Al4-V, Al2O3, ZrO2) materials was undertaken to identify which of them provide(s) the most suitable coating for prostheses implanted in patients with altered metabolic status. The experimental design included in vitro tests with human osteoblasts and morphological observations by scanning electron microscopy. For the in vivo evaluation, the materials were implanted in the femoral condyle of ovariectomised and intact female rats, and two months after surgery an X-ray microanalytical study was performed. The in vitro study showed good biocompatibility with all materials. Microanalysis evidenced a similar behaviour with all materials except the two biological glasses. The differences in Ca and P content observed between intact and ovariectomised rats can be explained by the intrinsic capability of biological glasses to undergo surface modifications in the presence of alterations of the bone metabolism. Thus, their use seems to be indicated in recipients with osteoporotic pathologies.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Artificial Organs|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- Biological glass
- Implant coatings
ASJC Scopus subject areas