In vitro and in vivo characterisation of low-resistant mouse reticulosarcoma (M5076) sublines obtained after pulse and continuous exposure to cisplatin

G. Belvedere, L. Imperatori, G. Damia, G. Tagliabue, C. Meijer, E. G E De Vries, M. D'Incalci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to simulate drug resistance observed in the clinic, two cisplatin-resistant cell lines were produced from a murine ovarian reticulosarcoma, M5076 (M5), by pulse (M5/CDDP) and continuous (M5/CDDPc) treatment with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP). These cell lines showed a similar stable low level of resistance (approximately 3-fold) to CDDP and cross-resistance to carboplatin, iproplatin and the new alkylating agent tallimustine, but not to L-PAM (L-phenylalanine mustard) and BCNU (1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea). Collateral sensitivity to two inhibitors of topoisomerase II, VP16 (etoposide) and doxorubicin (Dox), but cross-resistance to the topoisomerase I inhibitor, camptothecin, were observed. The two cell lines were also sensitive to 5-fluorouracil. No increase in the level of glutathione or activity of glutathione S-transferase could be observed in resistant cells compared with the parental M5 cells. Total DNA platination immediately after treatment was similar in the parental and resistant cell lines. Repair of total DNA platination, measured after 24 h of recovery, was undetectable in M5 and M5/CDDP cells, but was 33% in M5/CDDPc cells. Initial DNA-interstrand cross-links (DNA-ISC) were six times higher in M5 than in M5/CDDP cells, but 24 h after treatment, both lines had completely repaired this damage. M5/CDDPc cells did not show formation of DNA-ISC at any time after treatment. The two resistant cell lines were tumorigenic when implanted in mice and resistant to CDDP treatment in vivo. The CDDP resistant tumours were not cross-resistant in vivo to L-PAM, BCNU and Dox, which had been active in vitro, nor to tallimustine, which had been cross-resistant in vitro. Mechanisms of resistance in M5/CDDP and M5-CDDPc seem to be based on a lower formation of DNA-ISC combined,for the latter cell line, with a higher repair capacity for total DNA platination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2011-2018
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • DNA damage
  • In vivo
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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