Meropenem is a new DHP-I stable carbapenem with a very promising microbiological, pharmacokinetic and clinical profile. The antibacterial activity of this new agent has been assessed in vitro against 8741 aerobic and 854 anaerobic strains reflecting current incidence and epidemiology in Italy, France, Germany, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Comparator agents were imipenem, ceftriaxone, vancomycin, ciprofloxacin gentamicin and amikacin. The results of this study show that meropenem has a spectrum of antibacterial activity which embraces the vast majority of clinically significant Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobes and anaerobes. This is due in part to excellent stability to chromosomal or plasmid mediated beta-lactamases including those which hydrolyse current cephalosporins. Data from the Italian study identified meropenem as the most potent agent against all Enterobacteriaceae, with the exception of Proteus species with were most susceptible to ciprofloxacin. Moreover, meropenem was 10 times more active than the other drugs against Haemophilus and Neisseria and was active against all the anaerobic strains. Conversely, staphylococci and enterococci were more susceptible to imipenem. Overall, these European data showed that meropenem was the most powerful drug against Enterobacteriaceae and it also was the most effective drug tested against the Italian and French Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains. Meropenem was less effective than imipenem or vancomycin against Enterococcus stains but had similar activity to imipen against anaerobes. Based on this microbiological profile, the use of meropenem is appropriate in the empirical treatment of serious infections, including those caused by multiple pathogens.
|Translated title of the contribution||In vitro antibacterial activity of meropenem, a new carbapenem: European data|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)