OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of four orthodontic primers: Transbond XT and Transbond MIP (3M, USA), Eagle Fluorsure (American Orthodontics, USA) and Ortho Solo (Ormco, USA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Balb 3T3 cells were exposed to different concentrations of primers (0-0.25 mg/ml). Mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity was evaluated by MTT assay and cell necrosis was measured by flow cytometry (propidium iodide staining). RESULTS: All the materials decreased cell viability in a dose related manner. Cytotoxicity of orthodontic primers based on concentrations which caused a 50% decrease of mitochondrial activity was ranked as follows: Transbond XT (45.57 mg/ml) > Eagle Fluorsure (49.27 mg/ml) > Transbond MIP (64.35 mg/ml) > Ortho solo (70.09 mg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the cytotoxic potencies demonstrated by orthodontic primers might be of clinical relevance since they disturbed cell metabolism and induced cell death in monolayer cultures.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Progress in Orthodontics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
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