Acanthamoeba keratitis is a severe ocular infection secondary to accidental macro- or microscopic trauma of the cornea. Starting in 1985, a dramatic increase of this infection was recorded along with the spread of contact lens use. This protozoal disease is difficult to treat because of the scarcity of efficacious topical and systemic drugs. We evaluated the in vitro effectiveness of povidone-iodine (PVP-I [Betadine]), an agent with broad antibacterial and antiviral activity, compared to that of chlorhexidine (CXD), a cationic antiseptic, on Acanthamoeba isolates from patients with amebic keratitis. The results showed that PVP-I solution from 0.5 to 2.5% has a better antiamebic activity both on trophic and cystic stages of Acanthamoeba spp. than does CXD.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)