In vitro effects on MG63 osteoblast-like cells following contact with two roughness-differing fluorohydroxyapatite-coated titanium alloys

L. Montanaro, C. R. Arciola, D. Campoccia, M. Cervellati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The chances of integration between an implant and the surrounding bone tissue depend on the surface characteristics of the implant itself. Particularly, chemical composition and surface roughness of the material have emerged as crucial factors in affecting the behaviour of cells in contact with the material. Among various surfaces, calcium phosphate coatings seem to favour a rapid initial integration, but their dissolution by extracellular fluids raises some concern about the long-term stability at the bone-implant interface. Fluorinated apatites are known to be more stable than other ceramic coatings, but, at present, little is known on their effects on human cells. In this study, MG63 osteoblast-like cells were seeded onto two fluorohydroxyapatite (FHA)-coated titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) materials differing in roughness, respectively, LR-FHA (Ra=5.6μm) and HR-FHA (Ra=21.2μm). Quantification of the cells in contact with the FHA-coated materials by conventional methods involved some technical difficulties, on which we report. Only the indirect esteem by the measure of total content of proteins and a procedure based on cell count, following a double enzymatic treatment to detach the cells, offered plain results, indicating no significant differences between cellular growth in contact with test materials and with plastic control. Differentiation and functionality of the cells were comparatively evaluated by analysis of alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin production. As far as osteocalcin release is concerned, only slight variations were detected on FHA-coated materials in comparison with the control. Both types of coatings showed a significant increase in alkaline phosphatase activity with respect to the control, the roughest surface exhibiting a more prolonged effect on the time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3651-3659
Number of pages9
JournalBiomaterials
Volume23
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Fluorohydroxyapatite
  • MG63
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteocalcin
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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