Mecillinam was tested in vitro alone or in combination with piperacillin-tazobactam and azithromycin against representative species of the Enterobacteriaceae family and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to extend its antibacterial spectrum, and to protect mecillinam from inactivating enzymes taking advantage of the presence of tazobactam. Drug interactions were studied by microdilution method, by selection of spontaneous resistant mutants on agar plates containing the drugs in combination and by time kill experiments. Against Enterobacteriaceae mecillinam and piperacillin-tazobactam showed synergistic interaction in 24/60 tests carried out by microdilution technology, in 4/16 by selecting resistant mutants and in 5/9 by time-kill experiments. P. aeruginosa reacted indifferently to the drug combinations, with few exceptions, when azithromycin was present a reduction of the MICs were recorded. Mecillinam reacted favourably in vitro in combination with piperacillin-tazobactam against not only strains included in its antibacterial spectrum but also against resistant Morganella morganii, Proteus spp and P. aeruginosa. The addition of azithromycin (8 mg/L) was beneficial for the drug combination increasing the bactericidal effect in the great majority of the cases. Only systematic in vivo studies may establish the clinical significance and benefits of the present observations.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2008|
- In vitro interactions
- P. aeruginosa
- Spontaneous-resistant mutants
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)