In vitro neurogenesis: Development and functional implications of iPSC technology

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurogenesis is the developmental process regulating cell proliferation of neural stem cells, determining their differentiation into glial and neuronal cells, and orchestrating their organization into finely regulated functional networks. Can this complex process be recapitulated in vitro using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology? Can neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases be modeled using iPSCs? What is the potential of iPSC technology in neurobiology? What are the recent advances in the field of neurological diseases? Since the applications of iPSCs in neurobiology are based on the capacity to regulate in vitro differentiation of human iPSCs into different neuronal subtypes and glial cells, and the possibility of obtaining iPSC-derived neurons and glial cells is based on and hindered by our poor understanding of human embryonic development, we reviewed current knowledge on in vitro neural differentiation from a developmental and cellular biology perspective. We highlight the importance to further advance our understanding on the mechanisms controlling in vivo neurogenesis in order to efficiently guide neurogenesis in vitro for cell modeling and therapeutical applications of iPSCs technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1623-1639
Number of pages17
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume71
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Neurogenesis
Neuroglia
Technology
Neurobiology
Developmental Biology
Neural Stem Cells
Human Development
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Embryonic Development
Cell Biology
Cell Proliferation
Neurons
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • iPSCs
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neurological disease modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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AU - Corti, Stefania

AU - Zanni, Ginevra

AU - Bertini, Enrico

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