In vitro photoinhibition by psoralen and ultraviolet A radiation of human hematopoietic progenitors

E. M. Procaccini, C. Selleri, G. Monfrecola, A. Camera, M. R. Villa, R. Notaro, C. Di Grazia, G. Posteraro, B. Rotoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The at vitro sensitivity of human hematopoietic progenitors to PUVA, 8-MOP and UVA alone was investigated. 8-MOP alone at final concentrations of 150, 200, 600 and 1000 ng/ml did not modify colony growth of circulating and bone marrow erythroid (BFU-E), myeloid (CFU-GM) and immature (CFV-GEMM) hematopoietic progenitors obtained from normal controls. The exposure of the same progenitors to increasing doses of UVA, up to 12 J/cm2, progressively decreased hematopoietic colony growth (with estimated 50% inhibition occurring at about 5 J/cm2). In vitro PUVA treatment (8-MOP 200 ng/ml followed bp UVA 5 J/cm2) caused 90% growth inhibition of circulating and bone marrow hematopoietic progenitors. In addition, the treatment completely inhibited the formation of spontaneous erythroid colonies, obtained from 5 polycychemic patients, that are considered to be a marker of this neoplastic disease. PUVA cytotoxicity was assessed by the colorimetric MTT assay. The percentage of cell death after PUVA exposure was 29 ± 10% for both peripheral and bone marrow mononuclear cells. Our findings indicate that 8-MOP alone is not toxic to hematopoietic progenitors whereas UVA treatment determines in vitro a dose-dependent inhibition of the clonogenic capacity of normal hematopoietic cells. PUVA treatment enhances this effect, causing a quite complete inhibition of hematopoietic progenitors colony formation from normal donors and spontaneous BFU-E colony formation from polycythemic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-203
Number of pages4
JournalPhotodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • 8-MOP
  • Colony growth
  • Hematopoietic progenitor
  • PUVA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Immunology

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