The biocompatibility of titania/hydroxyapatite (TiO 2/HA) composite coatings, at different ratio obtained by sol-gel process, was investigated studying the behavior of primary cultures of rat osteoblastic cells, isolated by femoral trabecular bone tissue. Moreover, the results have been compared with the response of human osteoblast-like MG63 cell line. Cytotoxicity of coatings was assessed by lactate dehydrogenase activity (LDH). The cellular behavior was analyzed by the cell proliferation (MTT test), cell morphology (SEM) and the biochemical markers evaluation of osteoblastic phenotype, such as alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) and osteocalcin production. The results showed that TiO 2/HA coatings have no toxic effects and seemed to be a good support for cell adhesion and proliferation. Moreover, these materials allowed the differentiation of osteoblasts, stimulating the expression of alkaline phosphatase activity. The responses of the primary rat osteoblasts and human osteoblast-like MG63 cell line grown onto these coatings were similar in terms of proliferation and ALP activity. Differences were found considering the osteocalcin production. The results show that these coatings, thanks to their chemical composition and the deposition technique, are very promising for the potential orthopedic and dental applications.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)