In vitro selection of human cytomegalovirus variants unable to transfer virus and virus products from infected cells to polymorphonuclear leukocytes and to grow in endothelial cells

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Abstract

Four human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) isolates from different clinical sources were extensively propagated in human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELF). Plaque isolates from each of the four virus strains were evaluated for their ability to be transferred to polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) and to grow in endothelial cells (EC). While all four of the clinical strains were found to be both PMNL- and EC-tropic, variants were identified from each of the four strains that lacked both biological properties, while three of the four parental strains lost their transfer capacity before passage 50 in HELF. It was demonstrated that one of the four field isolates (VR6110) and its transfer-deficient variant were genetically related, but showed different curves of virus yield in HELF. In addition, neither the immediate-early (IE) mRNA nor the IE protein p72 were found to be transferred to PMNL before 72 h post-infection (late in infection) or in the presence of viral DNA replication inhibitors. These findings link EC and PMNL tropism and suggest that PMNL tropism is a late HCMV function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1438
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume82
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Cytomegalovirus
Neutrophils
Endothelial Cells
Viruses
Tropism
Fibroblasts
Lung
Immediate-Early Proteins
Viral DNA
Infection
DNA Replication
In Vitro Techniques
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "In vitro selection of human cytomegalovirus variants unable to transfer virus and virus products from infected cells to polymorphonuclear leukocytes and to grow in endothelial cells",
abstract = "Four human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) isolates from different clinical sources were extensively propagated in human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELF). Plaque isolates from each of the four virus strains were evaluated for their ability to be transferred to polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) and to grow in endothelial cells (EC). While all four of the clinical strains were found to be both PMNL- and EC-tropic, variants were identified from each of the four strains that lacked both biological properties, while three of the four parental strains lost their transfer capacity before passage 50 in HELF. It was demonstrated that one of the four field isolates (VR6110) and its transfer-deficient variant were genetically related, but showed different curves of virus yield in HELF. In addition, neither the immediate-early (IE) mRNA nor the IE protein p72 were found to be transferred to PMNL before 72 h post-infection (late in infection) or in the presence of viral DNA replication inhibitors. These findings link EC and PMNL tropism and suggest that PMNL tropism is a late HCMV function.",
author = "{Grazia Revello}, M. and F. Baldanti and E. Percivalle and A. Sarasini and L. De-Giuli and E. Genini and D. Lilleri and N. Lab{\`o} and G. Gerna",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - In vitro selection of human cytomegalovirus variants unable to transfer virus and virus products from infected cells to polymorphonuclear leukocytes and to grow in endothelial cells

AU - Grazia Revello, M.

AU - Baldanti, F.

AU - Percivalle, E.

AU - Sarasini, A.

AU - De-Giuli, L.

AU - Genini, E.

AU - Lilleri, D.

AU - Labò, N.

AU - Gerna, G.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Four human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) isolates from different clinical sources were extensively propagated in human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELF). Plaque isolates from each of the four virus strains were evaluated for their ability to be transferred to polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) and to grow in endothelial cells (EC). While all four of the clinical strains were found to be both PMNL- and EC-tropic, variants were identified from each of the four strains that lacked both biological properties, while three of the four parental strains lost their transfer capacity before passage 50 in HELF. It was demonstrated that one of the four field isolates (VR6110) and its transfer-deficient variant were genetically related, but showed different curves of virus yield in HELF. In addition, neither the immediate-early (IE) mRNA nor the IE protein p72 were found to be transferred to PMNL before 72 h post-infection (late in infection) or in the presence of viral DNA replication inhibitors. These findings link EC and PMNL tropism and suggest that PMNL tropism is a late HCMV function.

AB - Four human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) isolates from different clinical sources were extensively propagated in human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELF). Plaque isolates from each of the four virus strains were evaluated for their ability to be transferred to polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) and to grow in endothelial cells (EC). While all four of the clinical strains were found to be both PMNL- and EC-tropic, variants were identified from each of the four strains that lacked both biological properties, while three of the four parental strains lost their transfer capacity before passage 50 in HELF. It was demonstrated that one of the four field isolates (VR6110) and its transfer-deficient variant were genetically related, but showed different curves of virus yield in HELF. In addition, neither the immediate-early (IE) mRNA nor the IE protein p72 were found to be transferred to PMNL before 72 h post-infection (late in infection) or in the presence of viral DNA replication inhibitors. These findings link EC and PMNL tropism and suggest that PMNL tropism is a late HCMV function.

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