Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with Essential Mixed Cryogloblinemia (EMC) were studied for their ability to synthesize polyclonal IgM and rheumatoid factor (RF) IgM in vitro. Our results indicate: (a) that EMC-PBMC produce smaller amounts of polyclonal IgM but higher quantities of IgM-RF than normal PBMC after pokeweed mitogen (PWM) or Staphylococcus aureus activation, so that the IgM-RF to total IgM ratio is significantly greater in EMC than in normal cultures; (b) that enriched EMC-B lymphocytes display a significantly higher spontaneous synthesis of IgM-RF than normal B lymphocytes and (c) that the IgM-RF B cell clones are receptive to T cell regulation. Taken together these findings suggest an expansion of B cell clones committed to IgM RF production and the presence in peripheral blood of differentiated B lymphocytes capable of secreting IgM-RF in EMC.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
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