Abstract: Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 (IDH1/2) mutations are often detected in lower-grade gliomas (LGG) and result into 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) synthesis. Prior studies showed that 2HG can be detected in vivo using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), but its accuracy and translational impact are still under investigation. Purpose: To investigate the clinical feasibility of MRS for in vivo detection and quantification of 2HG on consecutive treatment-naïve suspect LGG patients and to compare MRS accuracy with tissue IDH1/2 analysis. Methods: MRS spectra at 3 T were acquired with 1H-MRS single-voxel PRESS 2HG-tailored sequences with TE 30 (group 1) or TE 97 (groups 2A and B). Voxel sizes were 1.5 × 1.5 × 1.5 cm3 for group 1 (n = 13) and group 2A (n = 14) and 2 × 2 × 2 cm3 for group 2B (n = 32). Multiple metabolites’ concentrations were analyzed with LCModel. Tumors were assessed for IDH status and main molecular markers. 2HG levels in urine/blood were measured by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Results: The larger voxel TE 97 sequence resulted in highest specificity (100%), sensitivity (79%), and accuracy (87%). Urine and blood 2HG did not result predictive. Conclusion: Our data confirm that 2 × 2 × 2-cm3 voxel TE 97 MRS shows high accuracy for 2HG detection, with good sensitivity and 100% specificity in distinguishing IDH mutant gliomas. Main limits of the technique are small tumor volume and low cellularity. Integrating 2HG-MRS with other metabolites may help non-invasive diagnosis of glioma, prognostic assessment, and treatment planning in clinical setting.
- 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG)
- Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)
- Point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health