In-vivo brain H1-MR-Spectroscopy identification and quantification of 2-hydroxyglutarate in L-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria

Elena Anghileri, Nicola Bertolino, Ettore Salsano, Luigi Antelmi, Patrizia Carpinelli, Barbara Castellotti, Ileana Zucca, Cinzia Gellera, Raffaele Bisogno, Claudio Caccia, Valeria Cuccarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

L-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L2HGA) is an extremely rare hereditary neurometabolic disease, characterized by increased L-2-hydroxyglutarate (L2HG) levels in the brain and biological fluids. 24-h urine 2HG level remains the biochemical hallmark for the diagnosis of L2HGA, whereas it is unknown the feasibility to measure in vivo the intracerebral levels of 2HG by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Patients and methods We used at 3T H1-MRS Single-Voxel (SV) PRESS sequences tailored to detect 2HG, in three adult patients with the diagnosis of L2HGA and in healthy controls. We also used mass spectrometric methods to measure the levels of 2HG in plasma and serum. Results 2HG peak was detected and quantified in the white matter (WM) of the three L2HGA patients, while it was absent in controls. All patients showed also high levels of 2HG in plasma and serum. Conclusions Brain 2HG detected by MRS may play a role in the diagnosis and follow-up of L2HGA, besides circulating plasma/serum 2HG levels by mass spectrometric assays, although studies on a large cohort of patients are required to confirm these observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-511
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Volume1648
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG)
  • 2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria (L2HGA)
  • Brain H-MRS
  • L2HGA gene
  • Mass spectrometric methods
  • Point Resolved Sequence (PRESS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Clinical Neurology

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