In vivo comparative study on acute and sub-acute biological e_ects induced by ultrafine particles of different anthropogenic sources in balb/c mice

Paola Palestini, Francesca Farina, Elena Lonati, Chiara Milani, Luca Massimino, Elisa Ballarini, Elisabetta Donzelli, Luca Crippa, Paola Marmiroli, Laura Botto, Paola Antonia Corsetto, Giulio Sancini, Alessandra Bulbarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exposure to ultrafine particles (UFPs) leads to adverse e_ects on health caused by an unbalanced ratio between UFPs deposition and clearance e_cacy. Since air pollution toxicity is first direct to cardiorespiratory system, we compared the acute and sub-acute e_ects of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) and biomass burning-derived particles (BB) on bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid (BALf), lung and heart parenchyma. Markers of cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and inflammation were analysed in male BALB/c mice submitted to single and repeated intra-tracheal instillations of 50µg UFPs. This in-vivo study showed the activation of inflammatory response (COX-2 and MPO) after exposure to UFPs, both in respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Exposure to DEP results also in pro- and anti-oxidant (HO-1, iNOS, Cyp1b1, Hsp70) protein levels increase, although, stress persist only in cardiac tissue under repeated instillations. Statistical correlations suggest that stress marker variation was probably due to soluble components and/or mediators translocation of from first deposition site. This mechanism, appears more important after repeated instillations, since inflammation and oxidative stress endure only in heart. In summary, chemical composition of UFPs influenced the activation of di_erent responses mediated by their components or pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidative molecules, indicating DEP as the most damaging pollutant in the comparison.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2805
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Biomass burning
  • Diesel exhaust particles
  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Ultrafine particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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