In vivo evidence of cortical amyloid deposition in the adult form of Niemann Pick type C

Marcello Esposito, Raffaele Dubbioso, Stefano Tozza, Rosa Iodice, Marco Aiello, Emanuele Nicolai, Carlo Cavaliere, Marco Salvatore, Lucio Santoro, Fiore Manganelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Niemann Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lysosomal lipid storage disorder presenting visceral and neurological impairment with cognitive decline. Neurodegeneration in NPC is associated to deposition of amyloid-β and abnormal tau aggregations likewise Alzheimer disease (AD). Dementia is also related to intracortical circuiting abnormalities that can be detected by neurophysiological procedures both in NPC and in AD. Aim of this study is to find the in vivo evidence of amyloid deposition in NPC patients with cognitive impairment and to investigate the pathophysiology of dementia according to similarities with AD. Methods: Two sisters affected by NPC and cognitive decline underwent neuropsychological tests, PET scans with 18F- Florbetaben and neurophysiological protocols to assess cortex excitability by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), such as short-latency afferent inhibition (SAI), short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF). Results: Both patients presented a multidomain cognitive impairment. 18F- Florbetaben uptake was detected in brain frontal areas, while SAI and SICI were abnormal in both patients. Discussion: Cognitive impairment in NPC is associated to cortical amyloid deposition as revealed by 18F- Florbetaben PET scan. Amyloid imaging data, together with specific abnormalities found at TMS studies, suggest similar mechanisms underlying NPC and AD dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02776
JournalHeliyon
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Amyloid
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Medical imaging
  • Nervous system
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience
  • Niemann-pick type C disease
  • Nuclear medicine
  • PET-MRI
  • Physiology
  • Radiology
  • TMS.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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