PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the in vivo under weight-bearing kinematic behavior of a posterior-stabilized (PS) and an ultra-congruent (UC) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) model during a sit-to-stand motor task, a common activity of daily life.
METHODS: A cohort of 16 randomly selected patients (8 PS Persona Zimmer, 8 UC Persona Zimmer) was evaluated through dynamic radiostereometric analysis (RSA) at a minimum of 9 months after TKA, during the execution of a sit-to-stand. The anteroposterior (AP) translation of the femoral component and the AP translation of the low point of medial and lateral femoral compartments were compared through Student's t test (p < 0.05).
RESULTS: A significantly greater anterior translation of the femoral component was found for the PS group compared to the UC group. The flexion interval where statistical significance was found was between 30° and 0° (p = 0.017). Both groups showed a significantly greater anterior translation of the low point of the lateral compartment with respect to the medial one (PS: p = 0.012, UC: p = 0.018). This was consistent with a medial-pivot pattern. Furthermore, a significantly greater anterior translation of the medial compartment was found in the PS group compared to the UC group (p = 0.001). The same pattern was observed for the lateral compartment (p = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS: The TKA designs evaluated in the present study showed comparable in-vivo kinematics with regards to medial pivot pattern but differences in absolute AP translation. Specifically, the UC design showed greater AP stability than the PS design. This finding could be positive in terms of implant stability, but negative in terms of premature polyethylene wear and thus implant failure. This remains to be verified in studies with a larger sample size and longer follow-up.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
- Radiostereometric analysis
- Ultra-congruent design
- Posterior-stabilized design
- Kinematics analysis