In vivo neurometabolic profiling to characterize the effects of social isolation and ketamine-induced NMDA Antagonism: A rodent study at 7.0 T

Antonio Napolitano, Khalid Shah, Mirjam I. Schubert, Veronica Porkess, Kevin C F Fone, Dorothee P. Auer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Continued efforts are undertaken to develop animal models of schizophrenia with translational value in the quest for much needed novel drugs. Existing models mimic specific neurobiological aspects of schizophrenia, but not its full complexity. Here, we used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1H-MRS) to assess the metabolic profile in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of two established models, rearing in social isolation and acute N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) antagonism and their combination. Rats reared in social isolation or group housed underwent 1H-MRS at baseline and dynamically after ketamine challenge (25mg/kg, intraperitoneal) under isoflurane anesthe sia. A 7 T animal scanner was used to perform spectra acquisition from the anterior cingulate/medial PFC. LCModel was used for metabolite quantification and effects of rearing and ketamine injection were analyzed. Social isolation did not lead to significant differences in the metabolic profile of the PFC at baseline. Ketamine induced a significant increase in glutamine in both groups with significance specifically reached by the group-housed animals alone. Only rats reared in social isolation showed a significant 11% γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) decrease. This study provides preliminary evidence that social interactions in early life predict the glutamatergic and GABAergic response to acute NMDA-R blockade. The similarity between the prefrontal GABA reduction in patients with schizophrenia and in rats reared as social isolates after challenge with ketamine suggests good potential translational value of this combined animal model for drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-574
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Social Isolation
Ketamine
N-Methylaspartate
Rodentia
Prefrontal Cortex
Schizophrenia
Metabolome
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Animal Models
Aminobutyrates
Isoflurane
Gyrus Cinguli
Interpersonal Relations
Glutamine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Injections
Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
aspartic acid receptor

Keywords

  • GABA
  • glutamate
  • glutamine
  • ketamine
  • NMDA receptor blockade
  • schizophrenia
  • social isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

In vivo neurometabolic profiling to characterize the effects of social isolation and ketamine-induced NMDA Antagonism : A rodent study at 7.0 T. / Napolitano, Antonio; Shah, Khalid; Schubert, Mirjam I.; Porkess, Veronica; Fone, Kevin C F; Auer, Dorothee P.

In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2014, p. 566-574.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Napolitano, Antonio ; Shah, Khalid ; Schubert, Mirjam I. ; Porkess, Veronica ; Fone, Kevin C F ; Auer, Dorothee P. / In vivo neurometabolic profiling to characterize the effects of social isolation and ketamine-induced NMDA Antagonism : A rodent study at 7.0 T. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 566-574.
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