We investigate the anchorage of pedicle screws with different surface treatments in osteoporotic bone. Eight ewes were divided into two groups of four animals each: four sheep underwent bilateral ovariectomy (OVX Group), whereas the operation was simulated in the remaining group (SHAM Group). Eighteen months after the first operation, the Dynesys® System was fitted to the sheep using pedicle screws with three different surface treatments: untreated, rough blasted (uncoated) and bioactive coated (bioactive). Uncoated screws showed a significantly higher bone ingrowth value compared with the untreated screws in the OVX group (9.3%, P <0.005) and a significantly lower bone ingrowth value in the SHAM group (-11.0%, P <0.05). Furthermore, the bioactive pedicle screws had a significant lower bone ingrowth value than the untreated screws in the SHAM group (-12.1%, P <0.05). These results suggest that both tested surface treatments of pedicular screws may provide an advantage in terms of bone quality and osseointegration, when implanted in osteoporotic vertebrae.
- Pedicle screws
- Surface treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine