The precise contribution of mouse dendritic cells (DC) CD8α+CD11blow and CD8α-CD11bhigh subsets to CTL priming is not fully defined. Here we show that CyaA, the adenylate cyclase toxin of Bordetella pertussis, an invasive bacterial toxin that binds cells through CD11b/CD18 can be exploited for the targeted delivery of an exogenous peptide to the CD8α-CD11bhigh subset in vivo. Antigen (Ag) genetically inserted in the N-terminal domain of mutant CyaA devoid of catalytic activity, are targeted to CD8α-CD11bhigh DC by the CID11b/CD18-dependent binding of CyaA to the cell surface. Ag is then presented by MHC class I molecules of CD8α-CD11bhigh DC after a TAP-dependent, cytosolic processing. As a result, CTL are primed after a single injection, bypassing requirement for adjuvant, CD4+ T cell help and CD40 signaling. Beside the interest of the CyaA vector for vaccine development, these results show that Ag presentation focused on CD8α-CD11bhigh DC in vivo is sufficient for eliciting a vigorous CTL response and that CD11b/CD18 could be a suitable surface molecule for targeting Ag to DC.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2002|
- Adhesion molecule
- Antigen presentation
- Dendritic cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas