In vivo regulation of β-adrenergic receptors on human mononuclear leukocytes: Assessment of receptor number, location, and function after posture change, exercise, and isoproterenol infusion

A. DeBlasi, A. S. Maisel, R. D. Feldman, M. G. Ziegler, M. Fratelli, M. DiLallo, D. A. Smith, C. Y. Lai, H. J. Motulsky

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Abstract

We studied the regulation of β-adrenergic receptors in human mononuclear leukocytes (MNL). Total receptor number was determined as specific binding at 4 C of [3H]dihydroalprenolol or [125]iodopindolol, and distributed receptors were defined as those binding sites to which the hydrophilic antagonist CGP-12177 did not have access. Receptor function was assessed as cAMP accumulation stimulated by isoproterenol. In in vitro experiments, high concentrations of isoproterenol desensitized receptor function and promoted redistribution of about 80% of the receptors away from the cell surface. However, three in vivo protocols (upright posture for 3 h, moderate exercise, and infusion of isoproterenol for 30 min) redistributed few β-adrenergic receptors on MNL. The 30-min isoproterenol infusion did not alter later cAMP accumulation, but posture change and exercise increased isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP accumulation in intact MNL. Infusion of isoproterenol for 120 min redistributed 9 ± 2% (±SEM) of the receptors and decreased isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP accumulation by 19 ± 6%. Isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in membranes isolated from MNL previously was found to be decreased with upright posture, and we confirmed these findings in assays that did not include exogenous GTP, but instead relied upon guanine nucleosides retained in the membrane preparation. However, when excess GTP was included, isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in MNL membranes was not altered by posture change. We conclude that substantial receptor redistribution of β-receptors on MNL does not readily occur in physiological situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-853
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume63
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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