In vivo regulation of hepatitis B virus replication by peroxisome proliferators

Luca G. Guidotti, Carrie M. Eggers, Anneke K. Raney, Susan Y. Chi, Jeffrey M. Peters, Frank J. Gonzalez, Alan McLachlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) in regulating hepatitis B virus (HBV) transcription and replication in vivo was investigated in an HBV transgenic mouse model. Treatment of HBV transgenic mice with the peroxisome proliferators Wy-14,643 and clofibric acid resulted in a less than twofold increase in HBV transcription rates and steady-state levels of HBV RNAs in the livers of these mice. In male mice, this increase in transcription was associated with a 2- to 3-fold increase in replication intermediates, whereas in female mice it was associated with a 7- to 14-fold increase in replication intermediates. The observed increases in transcription and replication were dependent on PPARα. HBV transgenic mice lacking this nuclear hormone receptor showed similar levels of HBV transcripts and replication intermediates as untreated HBV transgenic mice expressing PPARα but failed to demonstrate alterations in either RNA or DNA synthesis in response to peroxisome proliferators. Therefore, it appears that very modest alterations in transcription can, under certain circumstances, result in relatively large increases in HBV replication in HBV transgenic mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10377-10386
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume73
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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