In this study, we set out to make a fine characterization of the angiogenic response induced by plasma cells obtained from patients with active-multiple myeloma (MM), in comparison with cells obtained from patients with non-active MM and benign lesions such as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. To achieve this we investigated the time-course of the angiogenic response induced by gelatin sponges soaked in the cell suspensions and implanted on the CAM surface from day 8 to day 12 of incubation by evaluating the number of vessels, of the vessel bifurcation and the intervascular distance at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h after the implants. The results show that plasma cell suspensions obtained from patients with active MM induce a vasoproliferative response that was significantly higher than that induced by cell suspensions obtained from patients with non-active MM or with MGUS, which is also a function of the day of implantation. In fact, implants made from day 8 to day 10 induce a strong angiogenic response, whereas those made from day 11 to day 12 do not. This finding might depend on the fact that CAM endothelium exhibits an intrinsically high mitotic rate until day 10. Thereafter, the endothelial mitotic index declines rapidly, and consequently cell suspensions implanted on the CAM of successively older embryos are not able to induce a vasoproliferative response in parallel with the reduced rates of growth of the CAM's endothelial cells.
- Chorioallantoic membrane
- Multiple myeloma
- Plasma cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)