Inactivation of α1-antiproteinase (α1-AT) and changes in antioxidants' plasma levels in subarachnoid hemorrhage

Paolo Gaetani, Paola Guallini, Riccardo Rodriguez Y Baena, Catherine Klersy, Vittorio Grazioli, Fulvio Tartara, Barbara Beltrami, Flavio Tancioni, Nicoletta Finotti, Fulvio Marzatico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that a quantitative or a qualitative imbalance between the activity of proteases and its inhibitors hypothetically might be involved in intracranial aneurysm rupture. In the present study we test the hypothesis that the systemic reduction of α1-antitrypsin activity might be related to the elevated oxidative potential exerted by cigarette smoking and/or to a systemic low antioxidant capacity. We studied, in a series of 57 patients beating intracranial aneurysms, the relationship between α1-antitrypsin activity, cigarette smoking and the following variables measured in plasma: vitamin A, vitamin E, thiol groups, urate and lipid peroxide levels. Serum levels of α1-antitrypsin are higher in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage than in cases of enraptured aneurysms, while the levels of vitamin A and vitamin E are significantly lower in patients that suffered subarachnoid hemorrhage than in controls. Both vitamin A and E levels are related to the occurrence of rupture of the aneurysm, as elicited by logistic regression analysis (P=0.017 and P=0.014, respectively), with a protective effect of higher levels of the variables, as shown by their odds ratio (0.028 and 0.84, respectively). No significant changes in the strength of the association could be appreciated when controlling for smoking habit. None of the other tested variables could be related to the occurrence of the aneurysm rupture. Both α1-antitrypsin serum level and the level of vitamin A appeared to be independently related to α1-antitrypsin collagenase inhibitory capacity percentage (P=0.03 and P=0.025), with no independent influence of the type of aneurysm and the smoking habit. The results of the present study show that the qualitative pattern of α1-antitrypsin is significantly related to the serum level of liposoluble vitamin A, while the type of aneurysm and the smoking habit have no independent influence. This suggests that in a situation in which systemic levels of vitamin A are reduced, the risk of a reduced activity of α1-antitrypsin as controller of proteases is elevated, with the consequent increased risk of aneurysm bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume152
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 25 1997

Keywords

  • α1- Antitrypsin
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Intracranial aneurysms
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology

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