Inappropriate sinus tachycardia after radiofrequency ablation of para- Hisian accessory pathways

Carlo Pappone, Giuseppe Stabile, Giuseppe Oreto, Antonio De Simone, Mariano Rillo, Patrizio Mazzone, Riccardo Cappato, Sergio Chierchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia After Catheter Ablation. Introduction: Inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) has been observed following radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the AV nodal fast pathway. This study was aimed to prospectively analyze the incidence and clinical significance of IST following RFA of para-Hisian accessory pathways (APs). Methods and Results: Twenty-eight patients (pts) with para-Hisian APs underwent RFA. An AP was defined as para-Hisian whenever its atrial and ventricular insertions were associated with a His-bundle potential ≤ 0.1 mV. RF current was always delivered at the atrial aspect of the tricuspid annulus, to a site where the His-bundle potential was <0.15 mV. Time- and frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability was performed in 22 patients, before and after RFA. Abolition of AP conduction was obtained in all pts, and no AV conduction alteration occurred. Six pts (21.4%) presented with IST 45 to 240 minutes after the ablation procedure. In 5 of them, IST disappeared spontaneously within 72 hours, whereas in 1 pt β-blockers were required for 2 months. The atrial potential amplitude (1.217 ± 0.264 mV vs 0.882 ± 0.173 mV, P = 0.009) and A/V potential amplitude ratio (2.633 vs 1.686, P = 0.05) were significantly higher in pts who developed IST than in those who did not. A marked decrease in heart rate variability was observed only in pts who developed IST. Conclusion: IST is a relatively frequent complication after RFA of para-Hisian APs: it is generally short-lasting and usually does not require any treatment. IST after catheter ablation is likely to depend upon transient parasympathetic denervation of the sinus node.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1365
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume8
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Accessory pathways
  • Arrhythmias
  • Catheter ablation
  • Heart rate variability
  • Preexcitation
  • Sinus node
  • Tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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