Incidence and Management of Diarrhea With Adjuvant Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab in Patients With Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Breast Cancer

APHINITY Steering Committee and Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The APHINITY (BIG 4-11) study showed that pertuzumab significantly improved the rates of invasive disease-free survival among patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive, operable breast cancer when added to adjuvant trastuzumab and chemotherapy. Because diarrhea was a common adverse event that could compromise treatment administration, we evaluated the incidence and management of diarrhea in the APHINITY study. Patients and Methods: The APHINITY trial is a prospective, randomized, multicenter, multinational, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive standard adjuvant chemotherapy and 1 year of trastuzumab combined with pertuzumab or placebo. The diarrhea incidence, severity (National Cancer Institute common terminology criteria for adverse events, version 4.0), onset, and management were analyzed. Results: A total of 4805 patients were randomized. Diarrhea of any grade was the most common adverse event and occurred in 71% of patients in the pertuzumab arm versus 45% in the placebo arm. Diarrhea grade 3 to 4 was observed in 10% and 4% in the pertuzumab and placebo arms, respectively. The greatest incidence of diarrhea was reported during the concomitant administration of HER2-targeted therapy and taxane (61% vs. 34% of patients experienced an event with pertuzumab vs. placebo, respectively). A marked decrease was observed on chemotherapy cessation. Antidiarrheal agents were commonly used, and diarrhea rarely caused treatment dose modifications or discontinuation. Conclusion: Diarrhea was a common adverse event in the APHINITY study. Most episodes were low grade and were generally manageable with common antidiarrheal agents. The incidence of diarrhea was greater with the combination of a taxane and HER2-targeted treatment and decreased once chemotherapy was stopped.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Breast Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adjuvant
  • Breast cancer
  • Diarrhea
  • HER2
  • Pertuzumab
  • Trastuzumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Incidence and Management of Diarrhea With Adjuvant Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab in Patients With Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Breast Cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this