Incidence and predictors of textbook outcome after simultaneous liver and rectal surgeries for Stage IV rectal cancer

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Aim: Textbook outcome (TO) is a new surgical quality measure that combines structure, process and surgical outcomes into a single element. Our study aimed to determine the incidence of TO after simultaneous rectal and liver surgery and to use the achievement of TO as a tool to identify the best candidates for these complex procedures. Methods: In total, 256 patients who underwent simultaneous liver and rectal surgery for Stage IV rectal cancer between January 2004 and August 2019 at five tertiary centres were enrolled. TO was defined as a lack of complication, prolonged length of stay, readmission and death. Results: Mortality rate at 90 days and major morbidity rate were 2.3% and 15.6%, respectively. An overall TO was achieved in 59% of the patients, which is associated with significantly improved overall (median TO 86.3 months vs. no TO 37.4 months) and disease-free (median TO 70.6 months vs. no TO 24.9 months) survival. On multivariate analysis the presence of multi-comorbidities (OR 3.073) was associated with a reduced likelihood of achieving TO. Left lateral sectionectomy/limited resection was a protective factor (OR 0.416). Conclusion: TO was achieved in six of 10 patients undergoing simultaneous resections for rectal cancer and liver metastases. Achieving a TO is strongly associated with improved long-term survival. The best candidates for these procedures were patients without multiple comorbidities and those treated with left lateral sectionectomy/limited resection.

Original languageEnglish
JournalColorectal Disease
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • liver resection
  • rectal cancer
  • simultaneous rectal and liver surgery
  • synchronous liver metastases
  • textbook outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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