Incidence of bleeding following invasive procedures in patients with thrombocytopenia and advanced liver disease

Edoardo G. Giannini, Alfredo Greco, Simona Marenco, Enzo Andorno, Umberto Valente, Vincenzo Savarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background & Aims: Patients with advanced liver disease often undergo invasive procedures, so the combination of thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and bleeding should be carefully assessed. We evaluated the prevalence of thrombocytopenia in a series of patients with liver cirrhosis who were being evaluated for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and determined the number of invasive procedures and procedure-related incidences of bleeding in patients with thrombocytopenia. Methods: We studied 121 consecutive patients who were being evaluated for OLT. Thrombocytopenia was defined as a platelet count 1.5. Invasive procedures and incidences of procedure-related bleeding were recorded for each patient. Results: The prevalence of thrombocytopenia and severe thrombocytopenia were 84% and 51%, respectively. Among the 102 thrombocytopenic patients, 50 (49%) underwent an invasive procedure (32 with severe thrombocytopenia; 64%). Bleeding occurred in 10 of the patients who underwent an invasive procedure (20%). Among the 50 patients who underwent invasive procedure, 32 had severe thrombocytopenia and 18 had moderate thrombocytopenia. Bleeding occurred in 10 of the 32 patients (31%) with severe thrombocytopenia and in none of those with moderate thrombocytopenia. There was no difference in prevalence of significant coagulopathy between patients with severe thrombocytopenia who underwent invasive procedure and bled (3/10; 30%) and those who did not bleed (10/22; 45%). Conclusions: Thrombocytopenia has a high prevalence among patients with advanced liver disease. Bleeding related to invasive procedures occurs most frequently in patients with severe thrombocytopenia, whereas significant coagulopathy does not seem to be associated with bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-902
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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Keywords

  • Coagulation
  • End-Stage Liver Disease
  • Platelets
  • Transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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