The incidence of Chlamydia pneumoniae as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia was evaluated in a one-year prospective study in 108 patients with community-acquired pneumonia. The bacteriological diagnosis was based on culture of sputum or bronchial aspirate and examination of acute and convalescent phase sera for Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila and Chlamydia pneumoniae. A definitive microbiological diagnosis was obtained in 58 (54 %) patients. Chlamydia pneumoniae was the causative agent in 14 patients (13 %) on the basis of positive serological tests; in 10 of the 14 patients Chlamydia pneumoniae was also detected by means of an indirect immunofluorescence test using pharyngeal swab specimens. In conclusion, Chlamydia pneumoniae seems to be a common etiological agent of community-acquired pneumonia, as increasingly reported in the last six to seven years.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases