Increased adipose tissue PC-1 protein content, but not tumour necrosis factor-α gene expression, is associated with a reduction of both whole body insulin sensitivity and insulin receptor tyrosine-kinase activity

L. Frittitta, J. F. Youngren, P. Sbraccia, M. D'Adamo, A. Buongiorno, R. Vigneri, I. D. Goldfine, V. Trischitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present study we measured PC-1 content, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α gene expression, and insulin stimulation of insulin receptor tyrosine-kinase activity in adipose tissue from nonobese, non-diabetic subjects. These parameters were correlated with in vivo insulin action as measured by the intravenous insulin tolerance test K(itt) values). PC-1 content was negatively correlated with K(itt) values (r = -0.5, p = 0.04) and positively with plasma insulin levels both fasting (r = 0.58, p = 0.009) and after 120 min during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) (r = 0.67, p = 0.002). Moreover, adipose tissue PC-1 content: was higher in relatively insulin-resistant subjects (K(itt) values lower than 6) than in relatively insulin-sensitive subjects (K(itt) values higher than 6) (525±49 ng/mg protein vs 33±45, respectively, p = 0.012). Adipose tissue insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity in response to insulin was significantly lower at all insulin concentrations tested p = 0.017, by two-way analysis of variance test) in insulin-resistant than in insulin-sensitive subjects (K(itt) values lower higher than 6, respectively). In contrast to PC-1, no significant correlation was observed between adipose tissue TNF-α mRNA content and K(itt) values, and plasma insulin levels, both fasting and at after 120 min during OGTT. Also, no difference was observed in TNF-α mRNA content between subjects with K(itt) values higher or lower than 6. These studies in adipose tissue, together with our previous studies in skeletal muscle raise the possibility that PC-1, by regulating insulin receptor function, may play a role in the degree of insulin sensitivity in non-obese, nondiabetic subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-289
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetologia
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Insulin receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Insulin tolerance test
  • PC-1
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

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