Background: Alterations in blood-brain barrier permeability have been proposed to represent a relevant factor contributing to Parkinson's disease progression. However, few studies have addressed this issue in patients at different stages of disease.Methods: Albumin was measured in cerebrospinal fluid and serum samples obtained from 73 non-demented subjects with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and 47 age-matched control subjects. The albumin ratio (AR) was calculated to assess blood-cerebrospinal fluid and blood-brain barrier function. The group of patients with Parkinson's disease included 46 subjects with Hoehn-Yahr staging between 1 and 2 and 27, with a score ranging from 2.5 to 4.Results: Statistically significant differences in albumin ratio were found between patients with advanced disease, and both early-stage and unaffected groups. Conversely, early-phase patients did not differ from healthy subjects. Additionally, dopaminergic treatment seems to exert a possible effect on AR values.Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that possible dysfunction of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, blood-brain barrier, or both, characterize Parkinson's disease progression. The associations between clinical scores, treatments and biochemical findings suggest a progressive impairment of barrier integrity during the course of the disease.
- Albumin ratio
- Blood-brain barrier
- Blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier
- Cerebrospinal fluid
- Parkinson's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience