Increased c-myc oncogene expression in Ewing's sarcoma: Correlation with Ki67 proliferation index

Maria Rosa Sollazzo, Maria Serena Benassi, Giovanna Magagnoli, Gabriella Gamberi, Lara Molendini, Paola Ragazzini, Mara Merli, Cristina Ferrari, Alba Balladelli, Piero Picci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims and background: Ewing's sarcoma is a highly malignant musculoskeletal tumor composed of small round cells. Although important results have been achieved with surgery associated with chemotherapy, recurrent disease is still a major problem. In order to define new prognostic factors useful for therapeutic decision-making, we conducted a study on 38 Ewing's sarcoma samples in which c-myc oncogene expression and Ki67 proliferation index were correlated with clinical outcome. Methods and study design: Nineteen patients developed metastases during follow-up and 10 of these patients died. C-myc and Ki67 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry performed on 5 μm formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded sections, while the c-myc mRNA transcript was localized using in situ hybridization. Results: A statistically positive correlation was found between c-myc protein and Ki67 (P = 0.001) and c-myc mRNA and Ki67 expression (P = 0.047). The 38 patients were divided into two groups using as the cutoff 50% of Ki67-positive cells. The disease-free survival and overall survival estimates were 68% and 90%, respectively, in the group of patients with a percentage of Ki67-positive cells

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1999


  • c-myc
  • Ewing's sarcoma
  • Ki67

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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