The effect of a 2.5-fold increase in daily carbidopa intake on the bioavailability of levodopa was studied in six patients with Parkinson's disease on a low chronic regimen of carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet) at the fixed ratio of 1:10. The extent of levodopa absorption, expressed as the area under the 11-h plasma levodopa concentration-time curve (AUC(0-11 h)), was not enhanced by the higher carbidopa dose. A significant increase in the AUC was found for the levodopa metabolite 3-O-methyldopa at the higher carbidopa intake. Clinical performances of individual patients were identical with both carbidopa-levodopa ratios. From these data, an adequate inhibition of peripheral decarboxylation and hence a good bioavailability of levodopa may be expected in patients taking low doses of carbidopa-levodopa, using currently available commercial preparations.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)