Increased expression of β-chemokines in muscle of patients with inflammatory myopathies

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Abstract

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are muscle diseases of autoimmune pathogenesis characterized by mononuclear cell infiltration within muscle tissue. Since immune cell homing and accumulation at the site of antigenic challenge is usually mediated by chemokines, we evaluated the expression of 2 β-chemokines-monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α)-by immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction in muscles of polymyositis, inclusion body myositis, and dermatomyositis patients, and related their expression to immunopathological alterations in muscle. MCP-1 and MIP-1α transcripts were detected by PCR in all IIM muscles, but not in controls. By immunohistochemistry, the chemokines were found in all IIM muscle sections located in infiltrating inflammatory cells and also in neighboring extracellular matrix. The extent to which extracellular matrix was filled by each chemokine differed in each disease. In view of the known ability of chemokines to bind extracellular matrix and their possible synthesis by extracellular matrix components, we suggest that chemokine storage in the extracellular matrix can act as a microenvironmental factor amplifying lymphocyte activation and migration, thereby maintaining the autoimmune attack against unknown muscle antigens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-169
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume59
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000

Keywords

  • β-chemokines
  • Inflammatory myopathies
  • Macrophage inflammatory protein- 1α
  • Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)

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