BACKGROUND: Calcitriol (C) improves anemia in chronic renal failure. This improvement may be related to the suppression of iPTH release, but also to a direct effect on erythropoiesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to verify this hypothesis, 33 patients with chronic renal failure were enrolled: 24 were undergoing hemodialysis, 9 managed conservatively. All patients were free from other chronic or hematological disease, had a negative DFO test and aluminum levels below 20 mcg/l. iPTH range was 250-480 pg/l. None had yet been treated with C. In vitro study- Samples were drawn for a basal erythroid precursors (Burst Forming Unit-Erythroid BFU-E) study. After mononuclear cells were isolated by centrifugation with Ficoll-Hypaque, they were incubated for 15 days with rHuEPO 3U/ml (A), rHuEPO 3U/l + C 30 pg (B), rHuEPO 3U/ml + C 300 pg (C), rHuEPO 30 U/ml + C 300 pg (D) was performed. Ex vivo study- After the basal evaluation, 10 pts on dialysis were treated with C (Calcijex-Abbott) 1 g three times a week. BFU-E studies were performed after 1,2 and 4 months. RESULTS: In vitro, culture B showed an increased BFU-E proliferation vs A (41+/- 23 vs 27+/-15, p less than 0.02); in C and D cultures proliferation was 61+/-31 and 78+/- 42 respectively, p less than 0.01 vs A. There was no difference among pts with renal failure and pts treated conservatively. During the in vivo study all cultures showed a progressive proliferation increase, without a plateau level (basal, after 1, 2, 4 months respectively): in A: 17+/-8, 22+/-13, 30.9+/-14.9, 41.4+/-20; in B: 27.3+/-15, 35.6+/-20, 45.5+/-21, 57+/-26; in C: 48.2+/-20.6, 63.7+/-32, 75.7+/-37, 83+/-40; in D: 72+/-24, 91+/-42, 106+/-42, 110+/-42.3 (always p less than 0.001). The hematocrit and hemoglobin increase was constant but not significant. The iPTH decrease was not related to BFU-E proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: In chronic uremia C has a direct effect on erythroid precursor proliferation, both in vitro and ex vivo, with a sinergystic effect with rHuEPO. This effect is not related to iPTH suppression. C may be a useful adjuvant therapy for rHuEPO treatment.
|Translated title of the contribution||Increased in vitro and ex vivo proliferation of erythroid precursors induced by calcitriol in chronic renal failure. Synergistic effect with rHuEPO|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Giornale italiano di nefrologia : organo ufficiale della Società italiana di nefrologia|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2002|
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