Increased incidence of cystic fibrosis gene mutations in adults with disseminated bronchiectasis

P. F. Pignatti, C. Bombieri, C. Marigo, V. Benetazzo, M. Luisetti

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Abstract

In order to identify a possible hereditary predisposition to the development of obstructive pulmonary disease of unknown origin, we have looked for the presence of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator (CFTR) gene mutations in unrelated patients with no signs of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). We screened for 70 common mutations, and also for rare mutations by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis. In this search, different CFTR gene mutations (R75Q, ΔF508, R1066C, M1137V and 3667ins4) were found in five out of 16 adult Italian patients with disseminated bronchiectasis, a significant increase over the expected frequency of carriers. Moreover, three rare CFTR gene DNA polymorphisms (G576A, R668C, and 2736 A→G), not deemed to be the cause of CF, were found in two patients, one of which was a compound heterozygote with R1066C. These results indicate that CFTR gene mutations, and perhaps also DNA polymorphisms, may be involved in the etiopathogenesis of at least some cases of bronchiectasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-639
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume4
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Pignatti, P. F., Bombieri, C., Marigo, C., Benetazzo, V., & Luisetti, M. (1995). Increased incidence of cystic fibrosis gene mutations in adults with disseminated bronchiectasis. Human Molecular Genetics, 4(4), 635-639.