Increased macrophage inflammatory protein-1α and macrophage inflammatory protein-1β levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients affected by different stages of pulmonary sarcoidosis

Armando Capelli, Antonino D I Stefano, Mirco Lusuardi, Isabella Gnemmi, Claudio F. Donner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-lα and MIP-1β are two CC chemokines that induce lymphocyte migration. MIP-1α preferentially mediates chemotaxis of CD8 rather than CD4 lymphocytes, whereas the reverse is true for MIP-1β. Both these chemokines recognize CCR5 as a cellular receptor in T lymphocytes and alveolar macrophages. We measured the concentrations of MIP-1α and MIP-1β in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of 30 subjects affected by different stages of pulmonary sarcoidosis and 18 healthy normal subjects. We also evaluated the expression of CCR5 in alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes. The BALF concentrations of MIP-1α were significantly increased only in Stage II and III sarcoidosis. On the contrary, the concentrations of MIP-1β were significantly increased at all stages. A striking increase of CCR5 expression was observed in both lymphocytes and macrophages of all patients, along with a trend to decreased positivity from Stage I to III of the disease. The MIP-1β concentrations correlated with the number of total (r = 0.65, p = 0.0001) and both CD4 (r = 0.64, p = 0.0001) and CD8 (r = 0.62, p = 0.0001) lymphocytes; on the contrary, the MIP-1α concentrations correlated only with CD8 lymphocytes (r = 0.45, p = 0.002). Finally, significant negative correlations were observed between the neutrophil percentage and CCR5 expression in alveolar macrophages (r = -0.53, p = 0.005) and lymphocytes (r = -0.43, p = 0.01). Our results help to explain the mechanism of CD4 and CD8 recruitment and the possible involvement of CC chemokines in the fibrotic progression of sarcoidosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume165
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2002

Keywords

  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • CCR5
  • Macrophage inflammatory protein-1α
  • Macrophage inflammatory protein-1β
  • Sarcoidosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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