Background - Lower mortality rates among women with chronic heart failure than among men may depend in part on the action of female sex hormones, especially estrogens. The biological effects of estrogens are mediated by 2 distinct estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes (ERα and ERβ). The present study was undertaken to determine the role of ERβ in the development of chronic heart failure after experimental myocardial infarction (MI). Methods and Results - Female ERβ null mice (BERKOchapel Hill) and wild-type littermates (WT) were ovariectomized, given 17β-estradiol, and subjected to chronic anterior MI (MI; BERKO n=31, WT n=30) or sham operation (sham; BERKO n=14, WT n=14). At 8 weeks after MI, both genotypes revealed left ventricular remodeling and impaired contractile function at similar average infarct size (BERKO-MI 32.9±5% versus WT-MI 33.0±4%); however, BERKO mice showed increased mortality (BERKO-MI 42% versus WT-MI 23%), increased body weight and fluid retention (P2+-handling proteins in chronic heart failure after MI. Further studies are required to delineate the relative importance of cardiac and vascular effects of ERβ and the role of ERα in the development of heart failure.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 29 2005|
- Heart failure
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine