The expression of Ia-like antigens in peripheral blood T lymphocytes from newborns receiving postnatal total blood exchange was analyzed. A significantly increased percentage of Ia-positive T lymphocytes (Ia+ T cells) was observed 2 days after postnatal transfusion with total blood in comparison to data observed on Days 0, 5, and 15. Ia+ T cells were also significantly higher than in normal control newborns tested in the same period. When newborns received the blood exchange with irradiated total blood or with leukocyte-depleted blood, no increase in Ia+ T cells was observed and the percentage of these cells remained in the normal range (1-7%) on all the days tested (0, 2, 5, 15 days). For easy identification of the origin of Ia+ T cells, sex-incompatible blood was used for exchange, and a karyotype analysis was carried out for the detection of the Y chromosome on Ia+ T cells separated from peripheral blood on Day 2 and then cultured with interleukin 2 (IL-2) for 48 hr. It was thus established that Ia+ T cells were not of donor origin. Simultaneously with the expression of Ia-like antigens, host T cells also carried the interleukin-2 receptor (TAC). An allogeneic response, comparable to a host-versusgraft reaction, was probably responsible for the activation of T cells 2 days after total blood exchange in newborns.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine