Increased renal endothelin production in rats with reduced renal mass

A. Benigni, N. Perico, F. Gaspari, C. Zoja, L. Bellizzi, M. Gabanelli, G. Remuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Renal endothelin (ET) production was investigated in rats after renal mass ablation, a model of progressive renal disease characterized by glomerular hemodynamic alterations and capillary thrombosis, and in sham-operated animals. Thrombin stimulation of renal cortical tissue from rats with renal mass reduction, 45 but not 7 days after surgery, generated significantly (P <0.01) more ET than tissue from sham-operated animals. Exposure to thrombin of isolated glomeruli from remnant but not sham kidneys also significantly (P <0.01) increased ET production compared with unstimulated glomeruli. At day 45, in rats with renal mass ablation ET plasma levels were numerically lower, whereas urinary excretion rate of ET was significantly (P <0.01) increased compared with sham-operated animals. After a 50-min intravenous infusion of 125I-ET to normal rats and animals with renal mass ablation, less than 0.3% and 0.03%, respectively, of total infused radioactivity was recovered in urine. These results indicate that thrombin-stimulated ET production by renal cortical tissues is increased in rats with renal mass reduction. Despite normal or low-normal plasma ET levels, urinary excretion of the peptide is markedly increased in this model. The exogenously labeled ET added to circulation is not excreted by the kidney, suggesting that enhanced urinary excretion rate would reflect an increased renal production of the peptide in rats with remnant kidney.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume260
Issue number3 29-3
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Endothelin urinary excretion
  • Fate of radiolabeled endothelin
  • Renal cortical endothelin production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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