Increased resistance of PIG-A- bone marrow progenitors to tumor necrosis factor α and interferon γ: Possible implications for the in vivo dominance of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones

Wilma Barcellini, Elisa Fermo, Francesca Guia Imperiali, Anna Zaninoni, Paola Bianchi, Carla Boschetti, Alberto Zanella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a clonal disorder due to a PIG-A gene mutation, resulting in deficient expression of GPI-anchored-proteins. Both immune-mediated suppression of hematopoiesis and cytokine alterations have been reported in aplastic anemia, a disease closely related to PNH whereas no data are available on PNH itself. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous cytokines on clonogenic activity in PNH. Design and Methods. We evaluated burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) and colonyforming units-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) from 5 PNH patients and 5 controls, alone or in the presence of transforming-growth-factor (TGF)-β, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and specific antibodies. Molecular analysis of the PIG-A gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing on every single colony. Results. Patients' cells showed less clonogenic activity than did control cells. In PNH, addition of TGF-β inhibited both BFU-E and CFU-GM; IFN-γ and TNF-α inhibited BFU-E alone. In patients cytokines modulated normal and mutated clones differently: TGF-β reduced the number of PIG-A- and PIG-A+ colony-forming-cells (CFC), whereas TNF-α and IFN-γ reduced PIG-A+ CFC only. BMMC from patients showed higher TGF-β production than did BMMC from controls. Interpretation and Conclusions. TGF-β could contribute to the genesis of the unfavorable bone marrow microenvironment but does not seem to play a role in the in vivo dominance of PIG-A deficient cells. Mutated clones were more resistant to the inhibitory effects of IFN-γ and TNF-α, suggesting that PNH cells may have a growth advantage in an unfavorable microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-656
Number of pages6
JournalHaematologica
Volume89
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

Paroxysmal Hemoglobinuria
Interferons
Clone Cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Transforming Growth Factors
Bone Marrow
Erythroid Precursor Cells
Bone Marrow Cells
Cytokines
Granulocytes
Macrophages
Aplastic Anemia
Hematopoiesis
Genes
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mutation
Antibodies
Growth

Keywords

  • Bone marrow
  • CFU
  • Cytokines
  • PNH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

@article{c95b44357a2e49bfbce7bc868b10462b,
title = "Increased resistance of PIG-A- bone marrow progenitors to tumor necrosis factor α and interferon γ: Possible implications for the in vivo dominance of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones",
abstract = "Background and Objectives. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a clonal disorder due to a PIG-A gene mutation, resulting in deficient expression of GPI-anchored-proteins. Both immune-mediated suppression of hematopoiesis and cytokine alterations have been reported in aplastic anemia, a disease closely related to PNH whereas no data are available on PNH itself. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous cytokines on clonogenic activity in PNH. Design and Methods. We evaluated burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) and colonyforming units-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) from 5 PNH patients and 5 controls, alone or in the presence of transforming-growth-factor (TGF)-β, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and specific antibodies. Molecular analysis of the PIG-A gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing on every single colony. Results. Patients' cells showed less clonogenic activity than did control cells. In PNH, addition of TGF-β inhibited both BFU-E and CFU-GM; IFN-γ and TNF-α inhibited BFU-E alone. In patients cytokines modulated normal and mutated clones differently: TGF-β reduced the number of PIG-A- and PIG-A+ colony-forming-cells (CFC), whereas TNF-α and IFN-γ reduced PIG-A+ CFC only. BMMC from patients showed higher TGF-β production than did BMMC from controls. Interpretation and Conclusions. TGF-β could contribute to the genesis of the unfavorable bone marrow microenvironment but does not seem to play a role in the in vivo dominance of PIG-A deficient cells. Mutated clones were more resistant to the inhibitory effects of IFN-γ and TNF-α, suggesting that PNH cells may have a growth advantage in an unfavorable microenvironment.",
keywords = "Bone marrow, CFU, Cytokines, PNH",
author = "Wilma Barcellini and Elisa Fermo and Imperiali, {Francesca Guia} and Anna Zaninoni and Paola Bianchi and Carla Boschetti and Alberto Zanella",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "651--656",
journal = "Haematologica",
issn = "0390-6078",
publisher = "NLM (Medline)",
number = "6",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased resistance of PIG-A- bone marrow progenitors to tumor necrosis factor α and interferon γ

T2 - Possible implications for the in vivo dominance of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones

AU - Barcellini, Wilma

AU - Fermo, Elisa

AU - Imperiali, Francesca Guia

AU - Zaninoni, Anna

AU - Bianchi, Paola

AU - Boschetti, Carla

AU - Zanella, Alberto

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - Background and Objectives. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a clonal disorder due to a PIG-A gene mutation, resulting in deficient expression of GPI-anchored-proteins. Both immune-mediated suppression of hematopoiesis and cytokine alterations have been reported in aplastic anemia, a disease closely related to PNH whereas no data are available on PNH itself. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous cytokines on clonogenic activity in PNH. Design and Methods. We evaluated burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) and colonyforming units-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) from 5 PNH patients and 5 controls, alone or in the presence of transforming-growth-factor (TGF)-β, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and specific antibodies. Molecular analysis of the PIG-A gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing on every single colony. Results. Patients' cells showed less clonogenic activity than did control cells. In PNH, addition of TGF-β inhibited both BFU-E and CFU-GM; IFN-γ and TNF-α inhibited BFU-E alone. In patients cytokines modulated normal and mutated clones differently: TGF-β reduced the number of PIG-A- and PIG-A+ colony-forming-cells (CFC), whereas TNF-α and IFN-γ reduced PIG-A+ CFC only. BMMC from patients showed higher TGF-β production than did BMMC from controls. Interpretation and Conclusions. TGF-β could contribute to the genesis of the unfavorable bone marrow microenvironment but does not seem to play a role in the in vivo dominance of PIG-A deficient cells. Mutated clones were more resistant to the inhibitory effects of IFN-γ and TNF-α, suggesting that PNH cells may have a growth advantage in an unfavorable microenvironment.

AB - Background and Objectives. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a clonal disorder due to a PIG-A gene mutation, resulting in deficient expression of GPI-anchored-proteins. Both immune-mediated suppression of hematopoiesis and cytokine alterations have been reported in aplastic anemia, a disease closely related to PNH whereas no data are available on PNH itself. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous cytokines on clonogenic activity in PNH. Design and Methods. We evaluated burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) and colonyforming units-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) from 5 PNH patients and 5 controls, alone or in the presence of transforming-growth-factor (TGF)-β, interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and specific antibodies. Molecular analysis of the PIG-A gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing on every single colony. Results. Patients' cells showed less clonogenic activity than did control cells. In PNH, addition of TGF-β inhibited both BFU-E and CFU-GM; IFN-γ and TNF-α inhibited BFU-E alone. In patients cytokines modulated normal and mutated clones differently: TGF-β reduced the number of PIG-A- and PIG-A+ colony-forming-cells (CFC), whereas TNF-α and IFN-γ reduced PIG-A+ CFC only. BMMC from patients showed higher TGF-β production than did BMMC from controls. Interpretation and Conclusions. TGF-β could contribute to the genesis of the unfavorable bone marrow microenvironment but does not seem to play a role in the in vivo dominance of PIG-A deficient cells. Mutated clones were more resistant to the inhibitory effects of IFN-γ and TNF-α, suggesting that PNH cells may have a growth advantage in an unfavorable microenvironment.

KW - Bone marrow

KW - CFU

KW - Cytokines

KW - PNH

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