Increased Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator Receptor and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Serum of Patients With Prostate Cancer

Giulio Milanese, Marco Dellabella, Francesca Fazioli, Elisa Pierpaoli, Massimo Polito, Nicolai Siednius, Rodolfo Montironi, Francesco Blasi, Giovanni Muzzonigro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Prostate cancer cell motility and invasion have been linked to the up-regulated signaling of epidermal growth factor receptor and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor. We analyzed the expression of serum urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor in the serum of patients with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer to evaluate the possible role as prostate cancer markers. Materials and Methods: Serum was collected from 79 consecutive patients referred to our institution for transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy. All blood samples were obtained before prostate biopsy. Total urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor antigen in serum were measured by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Gleason score, the number of positive cores, maximum percent of cancer and inflammation were considered on biopsy. Patients determined to have prostate adenocarcinoma underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy. Gleason score, pathological stage (extraprostatic extension), surgical margins, seminal vesicle involvement, perineural infiltration, lymphovascular invasion and cancer volume were evaluated in radical retropubic prostatectomy specimens. Results: The 30 patients with prostate cancer had significantly higher levels of serum urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor in comparison to those without prostate cancer but not significantly higher levels of prostate specific antigen. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor levels closely correlated in the serum of patients with prostate cancer. In a multivariate model high serum epidermal growth factor receptor increased the probability of positive biopsies by 1.9 times. ROC analysis revealed that serum epidermal growth factor receptor had 93.3% sensitivity and 98% specificity for detecting prostate cancer at a cutoff of 67.9 ng/ml. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor were significantly higher in patients with extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle involvement and perineural infiltration in the radical retropubic prostatectomy specimens. Serum urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor was the only independent predictive serum marker of extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle involvement and perineural infiltration. Conclusions: The measurement of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor in the serum of patients with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer might provide clinically relevant information on the state of the prostate gland. Measuring serum epidermal growth factor receptor could help predict which patients have prostate cancer, while serum urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor over expression seems to be related to tumor extraprostatic spread.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393-1400
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume181
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • biological
  • epidermal growth factor
  • prostate
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • receptor
  • tumor markers
  • urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Increased Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator Receptor and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Serum of Patients With Prostate Cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this