Increased volume of distribution for recombinant activated factor VII and longer plasma-derived factor VII half-life may explain their long lasting prophylactic effect

Natascha C J Mathijssen, Rosalinde Masereeuw, Pal Andre Holme, Marian G J Van Kraaij, Britta A P Laros-Van Gorkom, Flora Peyvandi, Waander L. Van Heerde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Prophylaxis with plasma-derived or recombinant activated factor VII is beneficial in severe factor VII deficiency. To understand why prophylactic treatment with both products is efficacious, we conducted a pharmacokinetic study. Materials and Methods Ten factor VII deficient patients were treated with either recombinant activated (20 μg/kg) or plasma-derived (25 IU/kg) factor VII in a cross-over design. Pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed through activated factor VII activity, factor VII clotting activity, and factor VII antigen levels on depicted time points. Results Factor VII activity half-lifes, determined by non-compartmental and one-compartmental analysis (results in brackets), were shorter for recombinant activated (1.4 h; 0.7 h) than for plasma-derived factor VII (6.8 h; 3.2 h); both recombinant activated (5.1 h; 2.1 h and plasma-derived factor VII (5.8 h; 3.2 h) resulted in longer half-lives of factor VII antigen. Activated factor VII half-lives (based on activated factor VII activity levels) were significantly higher compared to factor VII clotting activity (1.6 h; 0.9 h). Volumes of distribution were significantly higher for activated factor VII (236 ml/kg; 175 ml/kg, measured by activated factor VII) as compared to plasma-derived factor VII (206 ml/kg; 64 ml/kg, measured by factor FVII activity), suggesting a plasma- and extracellular fluid distribution for recombinant activated factor VII. Conclusions Recombinant activated factor VII showed significantly shorter half-lifes than plasma-derived factor VII. Volumes of distribution were significantly higher for treatment with recombinant activated factor VII. The longer half-life for plasma-derived factor VII, compared to recombinant activated factor VII, and the increased volume of distribution for recombinant activated factor VII, compared to plasma-derived factor VII may further elucidate the beneficial effect of prophylactic treatment of both products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-262
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume132
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Coagulation
  • Factor VII
  • Hemostasis
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Plasma-derived factor VII
  • Recombinant activated factor VII

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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