Objective: To analyse the trajectories of hip-fracture surgery rates within 2 days of admission to the hospital and the ratios of procedures initiated within the same day (Day 0) and the following day (Days 0-1) to procedures performed on the 2nd day. To study the association between socioeconomic, health input variables and early surgery.
Design: A pooled, cross-sectional, time-series analysis was used to evaluate secondary data from 15 European countries, during 2000-13.
Results: The rate of patients aged ≥65 years that were operated on within 2 days of hip-fracture has changed over time with an EU average annual increase of 0.42% (95% CI = 0.25, 0.59; P < 0.001) and with a significant linear trend. Multiple slopes from all the countries compete with this result. In contrast, the ratios of procedures initiated within the same day (Day 0) and the following day (Days 0-1) compared to procedures performed on the 2nd day are constant. No association was found between the rate of patients treated within 2 days of admission and demographic structure, health expenditure, health resources. However, the rate of patients treated within 2 days of admission is significantly associated with surgical volumes.
Conclusions: As the early surgery rate is growing, policy makers should be encouraged to undertake further policies to support the quality of care, and the providers should be driven to improve their organizational effectiveness by taking actions aimed at acting on specific organizational and logistical causes that represent a barrier to early surgery.