Independent cough flow augmentation by glossopharyngeal breathing plus table thrust in muscular dystrophy

Carlo Bianchi, Raniero Carrara, Sonia Khirani, Maria Chiara Tuccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare the unassisted cough peak flow (CPF) of patients affected by muscular dystrophy with CPF augmented by various techniques, including maximal depth glossopharyngeal breathing (GPB) combined with a subsequent self-induced thoracic or abdominal thrust. Design: All of the motorized wheelchair-dependent patients with muscular dystrophy who had previously mastered GPB were trained at home to increase their cough efficacy. This training involved maneuvering their wheelchair against the edge of a specially built table to autonomously produce a thoracic and/or abdominal thrust timed to the opening of the glottis for an independently assisted cough. Both unassisted and variously assisted CPFs were compared. Results: The 18 patients (17 men/1 woman) with muscular dystrophy, aged 21.1 ± 5.4 yrs, achieved variously assisted CPFs that were significantly higher than the spontaneous CPF (P < 0.001), with assisted CPFs but not unassisted CPFs that significantly exceeded a reported efficacious cough threshold value of 160 liters/min (P < 0.001). Moreover, increases in the CPFs by personal assistance including air stacking by manual resuscitator and thoracoabdominal thrust (326.4 ± 79.5 liters/min) or by GPB and thoracoabdominal thrust (326.4 ± 87.5 liters/min) were not significantly different (P = 0.07) from the CPFs independently attained by GPB plus independently maneuvering a wheelchair for a table thrust (310.3 ± 74.7 liters/min). Conclusions: The independently assisted (GPB plus table thrust) CPF was comparable to the CPFs that required personal assistance for air stacking and abdominal thrusts. Therefore, for patients with muscular dystrophy, this physical medicine technique and cough-assisted techniques that require personal intervention are strongly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


  • Cough
  • Glossopharyngeal Breathing
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Peak Cough Flow
  • Respiratory Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)


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