Indication and contraindication for hepatic resection for liver tumors without fine-needle biopsy: Validation and extension of an Eastern approach in a Western community hospital

Guido Torzilli, Natale Olivari, Daniele Del Fabbro, Piera Leoni, Adele Gendarini, Angela Palmisano, Marco Montorsi, Masatoshi Makuuchi

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Abstract

Fine-needle biopsy (FNB) is associated with problems, such as tumor seeding, which are not negligible. The aim of this study was to validate prospectively the accuracy of our diagnostic work-up without FNB, not just to address but also to rule out from a surgical program patients with focal liver lesions (FLLs). From September 2001 to July 2003, 89 patients were seen at an outpatient clinic for FLLs. Nine patients were excluded because of previous FNB and 18 were excluded because carrier of advanced disease. Sixty-two patients with 101 FLLs were included. Preoperative diagnoses were established by means of clinical histories, serum tumor marker levels, ultrasonography (US), and spiral computed tomography (CT). Other imaging modalities were carried out when it was considered necessary. Forty-eight patients underwent surgery, with histological confirmation of the preoperative diagnosis. The remaining 14 patients underwent a close follow-up. The preoperative diagnoses of 47 of the 48 patients who underwent surgery were confirmed (97.9%). All of the 14 patients ruled out for surgical treatment did not show FLL progression at 6-24 months of follow-up. Of the 9 patients who had FNB previously in other centers, 2 had a wrong histological diagnosis. In view of these results, a diagnostic work-up without FNB seems adequate either to include or to exclude patients with potentially resectable FLL from the surgical program and once more highlight the fact that the use of FNB should be drastically limited.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLiver Transplantation
Volume10
Issue number2 SUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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