Indications and Results of Reconstructive Techniques with Flaps Transposition in Patients Requiring Complex Thoracic Surgery: A 12-Year Experience

Sonia Gaucher, Filippo Lococo, Claude Guinet, Antonio Bobbio, Pierre Magdeleinat, Samir Bouam, Jean François Regnard, Marco Alifano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Flap transposition is an infrequent but far from exceptional thoracic surgical procedure. The aim of this retrospective study was to report our experience in a referral unit of general thoracic surgery analyzing the early results after flap transposition. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records, surgical notes, and postoperative results of a cohort of patients who underwent flap transposition in our unit from November 2000 to February 2013. Results: Overall, a surgical approach adopting flap reconstruction techniques was performed in 81 patients (54 males, 27 females) with a median age of 62 years (range 20–87). Flap transposition was necessary to reconstruct chest wall after resection for malignancy (27 patients), to repair intrathoracic viscera perforation (15 patients), and to fill residual cavities secondary to pulmonary/pleural infection (39 patients). A pedicle muscle flap was transposed in most of cases (64 pts, 79 %), while in the remaining 17 cases (11 %), an omental flap was used. There were no immediate postoperative complications, while three in-hospital deaths occurred due to respiratory or multiorgan failure. Among patients undergone flap transposition to fill a residual cavity, we observed a recurrent bronchopleural fistula in three patients (7.7 %); such patients were treated by repeat flap transposition (2 cases) and by repeat cavernostomy (1 case). Conclusion: Flap transposition may be indicated as part of a multimodal treatment for severely ill patients requiring complex thoracic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-63
Number of pages9
JournalLung
Volume194
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bronchopleural fistula
  • Chest wall resection
  • Flap transposition
  • Lung cancer
  • Pleuropulmonary infection
  • Thoracostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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