Individual and Environmental Factors Affecting Adaptive Behavior of Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Role of Parents’ Socio-cultural Level

Giulia Balboni, Alice Bacherini, Gessica Rebecchini, Romina Cagiano, Alice Mancini, Raffaella Tancredi, Roberta Igliozzi, Filippo Muratori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of environmental factors [including Socio-Economic Status, Cultural Capital, and Social Capital (Socio-Cultural Level) of both parents] on the Vineland-II adaptive behavior dimensions of toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), in addition to individual factors, was investigated in 148 Italian toddlers (82% males), aged 18 to 37 months with ASD. Toddlers’ age and Griffiths Mental Development Scales general development affected all of the adaptive behavior dimensions, with negative and positive associations, respectively. The Child Behavior Checklist comorbid conditions were negatively associated with some adaptive behavior dimensions while the ADOS-2 Social affect only with the communication dimension. Mothers’ and fathers’ specific Socio-Cultural Level dimensions were positively associated with toddlers’ specific adaptive behavior dimensions with the same magnitude as comorbid conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3469-3482
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Adaptive behavior
  • Cultural capital
  • Parent
  • Social capital
  • Socio-Economic Status
  • Toddler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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