Indomethacin prevents the long-lasting inhibitory effect of aspirin on human platelet cyclo-oxygenase activity

M. Livio, A. Del Maschio, C. Cerletti, G. de Gaetano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aspirin and indomethacin do interact with the same site on cyclo-oxygenase. This suggestion is based on in vitro studies on ram seminal vesicles and in vivo drug interaction studies on rat platelets. The purpose of the present study was to ascertain whether the same interaction also occurred after administration of both drugs to human volunteers. Platelet aggregation induced by sodium arachidonate or by collagen, and formation of platelet MDA and TxB2 were measured before, two and 48 hours after ingestion of either indomethacin (50 mg) or aspirin (500 mg) or of both drugs (30 minutes apart). While the inhibitory effect of indomethacin on these parameters was short lasting, that of aspirin persisted for at least 48 hours. However, when both drugs were given concurrently, the long-lasting effect of aspirin was no longer detectable. Since competition at levels other than platelets was unlikely, this study indicates that indomethacin and aspirin inhibit human platelet cyclo-oxygenase by the same basic mechanism. Acetylation of the enzyme appears to be a secondary mechanism which makes the inhibitory effect of aspirin persistent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-796
Number of pages10
JournalProstaglandins
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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