Inducible expression of calcyclin, a gene with strong homology to S-100 protein, during neuroblastoma cell differentiation and its prevalent expression in Schwann-like cell lines

G. P. Tonini, A. Casalaro, A. Cara, D. Di Martino

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Abstract

Calcyclin gene expression was evaluated in different neuroblastoma cell lines and during neuronal differentiation induced by retinoic acid. Calcyclin gene expression was more frequently detected in epithelial-type or Schwann-like cells rather than in neuroblastic cells. This result indicates an increase of G1 cell fraction, which may explain the limited growth potential usually observed for these cells. LAN-5 cell (neuronal type) differentiation experiments showed that calcyclin gene is detectable after 4 days of retinoic acid treatment, which induces G1 phase accumulation (as detected by cytofluorometric analysis), and cell growth arrest. Otherwise, neither block of cell proliferation by 0.5% fetal calf serum medium nor addition of 15% fresh fetal calf serum after cell arrest induce calcyclin expression. The increase of calcyclin mRNA levels during cell differentiation shows that calcyclin gene expression is associated with neuronal differentiation. This bivalent role of the calcyclin gene, which is normally expressed in the G1 phase of the cell cycle but also expressed during retinoic acid-induced neuroblastoma cell differentiation, suggests that (at least in neuroblastoma cells) the gene is subject to a complex transcriptional regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1733-1737
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume51
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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S100 Proteins
Schwann Cells
Neuroblastoma
Cell Differentiation
Cell Line
Tretinoin
Genes
G1 Phase
Gene Expression
Local Area Networks
Growth
Serum
Cell Cycle
Cell Proliferation
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

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title = "Inducible expression of calcyclin, a gene with strong homology to S-100 protein, during neuroblastoma cell differentiation and its prevalent expression in Schwann-like cell lines",
abstract = "Calcyclin gene expression was evaluated in different neuroblastoma cell lines and during neuronal differentiation induced by retinoic acid. Calcyclin gene expression was more frequently detected in epithelial-type or Schwann-like cells rather than in neuroblastic cells. This result indicates an increase of G1 cell fraction, which may explain the limited growth potential usually observed for these cells. LAN-5 cell (neuronal type) differentiation experiments showed that calcyclin gene is detectable after 4 days of retinoic acid treatment, which induces G1 phase accumulation (as detected by cytofluorometric analysis), and cell growth arrest. Otherwise, neither block of cell proliferation by 0.5{\%} fetal calf serum medium nor addition of 15{\%} fresh fetal calf serum after cell arrest induce calcyclin expression. The increase of calcyclin mRNA levels during cell differentiation shows that calcyclin gene expression is associated with neuronal differentiation. This bivalent role of the calcyclin gene, which is normally expressed in the G1 phase of the cell cycle but also expressed during retinoic acid-induced neuroblastoma cell differentiation, suggests that (at least in neuroblastoma cells) the gene is subject to a complex transcriptional regulation.",
author = "Tonini, {G. P.} and A. Casalaro and A. Cara and {Di Martino}, D.",
year = "1991",
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journal = "Journal of Cancer Research",
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T1 - Inducible expression of calcyclin, a gene with strong homology to S-100 protein, during neuroblastoma cell differentiation and its prevalent expression in Schwann-like cell lines

AU - Tonini, G. P.

AU - Casalaro, A.

AU - Cara, A.

AU - Di Martino, D.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - Calcyclin gene expression was evaluated in different neuroblastoma cell lines and during neuronal differentiation induced by retinoic acid. Calcyclin gene expression was more frequently detected in epithelial-type or Schwann-like cells rather than in neuroblastic cells. This result indicates an increase of G1 cell fraction, which may explain the limited growth potential usually observed for these cells. LAN-5 cell (neuronal type) differentiation experiments showed that calcyclin gene is detectable after 4 days of retinoic acid treatment, which induces G1 phase accumulation (as detected by cytofluorometric analysis), and cell growth arrest. Otherwise, neither block of cell proliferation by 0.5% fetal calf serum medium nor addition of 15% fresh fetal calf serum after cell arrest induce calcyclin expression. The increase of calcyclin mRNA levels during cell differentiation shows that calcyclin gene expression is associated with neuronal differentiation. This bivalent role of the calcyclin gene, which is normally expressed in the G1 phase of the cell cycle but also expressed during retinoic acid-induced neuroblastoma cell differentiation, suggests that (at least in neuroblastoma cells) the gene is subject to a complex transcriptional regulation.

AB - Calcyclin gene expression was evaluated in different neuroblastoma cell lines and during neuronal differentiation induced by retinoic acid. Calcyclin gene expression was more frequently detected in epithelial-type or Schwann-like cells rather than in neuroblastic cells. This result indicates an increase of G1 cell fraction, which may explain the limited growth potential usually observed for these cells. LAN-5 cell (neuronal type) differentiation experiments showed that calcyclin gene is detectable after 4 days of retinoic acid treatment, which induces G1 phase accumulation (as detected by cytofluorometric analysis), and cell growth arrest. Otherwise, neither block of cell proliferation by 0.5% fetal calf serum medium nor addition of 15% fresh fetal calf serum after cell arrest induce calcyclin expression. The increase of calcyclin mRNA levels during cell differentiation shows that calcyclin gene expression is associated with neuronal differentiation. This bivalent role of the calcyclin gene, which is normally expressed in the G1 phase of the cell cycle but also expressed during retinoic acid-induced neuroblastoma cell differentiation, suggests that (at least in neuroblastoma cells) the gene is subject to a complex transcriptional regulation.

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